A Food Park is a sector-specific industrial park where Developed Land and common facilities such as Internal roads. Power, Water supply are provided to entrepreneurs for setting up manufacturing units in food processing. This is a step ahead from the stage where the entrepreneur needs to procure the Land and arrange for all infrastructure on his own incurring huge expenditure of Time, Money and logistic difficulties.
The Mega Food Park scheme took this even a step further. Under this scheme launched in 2008, the Park would provide common facilities such as water, electricity and effluent treatment apart from specialized facilities like cold storage, warehousing, logistics, backward and forward integration through the network of Primary Processing Centres (PPC) and Collection Centres (CC) connecting the Central Processing Centre (CPC). Thus Mega Food Park is an inclusive concept that aims to establish direct linkages from Farm to Processing to Consumer Markets. This structure is based on a Hub and Spoke model. The success of a Mega Food Park is hinged on the efficient logistics that link the CCs to PPCs to CPC.
The Government provides Financial assistance upto Rs 50 Crore to set up modern infrastructure facilities for Food Processing at Mega Food Parks.
The project is executed through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV). It is a Company registered under the Companies Act and is required to have at least 3 entrepreneurs or business units independent of each other with no common directors.
The key objectives of the scheme are
- To reduce wastage of perishables
- Raise processing of food items from 6% to 20%
- Increase india’s share in Food processing from 1.5% to 3%
The Mega Food Park Project: then and now
When the scheme was launched in 2008, 42 Mega Food Parks were to be established by 2015. However allotment to 17 players had got cancelled due to various reasons. In March 2015, these 17 parks were allocated to new players including state governments and private firms. Currently only 6 Mega Food Parks are operational in India including JANGIPUR MEGA FOOD PARK in West Bengal.
Availability of resources: High quality Raw materials in terms of Fruits, Vegetables, Potato, Rice, Flour , Dairy, Grains etc can be sourced from the Zone of Influence covering the neighbouring 4 districts, i.e. Malda, Bardhaman, Birbhum, Nadia and Murshidabad.. This Zone of Influence offers production of Fresh Produce to the tune of:
Vegetables:5.09 Million MT
Fruits: 1.42 Million MT
Potential Target markets: The Food Park is ideally located to service markets in East and North east India, Bihar, Jharkhand as well as export markets of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan.